Ammonium Paratungstate Patent
Method for Production of Ammonium Paratungstate Tetrahydrate and Highly Pure Ammonium Paratungstate Tetrahydrate US 8168155 B2 The invention is directed to a method for the production of ammonium paratungstate tetrahydrate by thermal treatment of ammonium paratungstate decahydrate in an aqueous suspension. The ammonium paratungstate tetrahydrate can be produced with high purity and high yield. The production method may furthermore be carried out in a simple and energy-efficient manner.
Processing of Ammonium Paratungstate from Tungsten Ores US 4115513 A To obtain highly purified, lamp grade ammonium paratungstate crystals from any of several different tungsten ores, the ore is reduced to finely divided status and slurried in heated HCl solution to convert tungsten values to WO3.H2 O. Recovered tungstic oxide is washed and dissolved in heated aqueous solution of sodium carbonate or sodium hydroxide with the pH maintained at about 8 to 8.5 to form soluble sodium tungstate. Sodium hydroxide is added to raise the pH to about 10.5 to 11.5, and magnesium chloride is added in amount sufficient to somewhat neutralize the solution. Sodium hydroxide is added to raise the pH to about 10.5 to 11.5 to precipitate as hydroxide the magnesium and additional metallic impurities. At least one of ammonium sulfide and thioacetamide is and the heated solution is acidified to a pH in the range from about 2 to 3 to precipitate any molybdenum as MoS3. The tungstate solution is then contacted with an organic, water-immiscible ion exchange liquid in which the active ingredient is an amine salt to extract the tungsten values. Tungsten values are then stripped from the ion exchange liquid with ammonium hydroxide to form ammonium tungstate solution, which in turn is separated. From the ammonium tungstate solution is crystallized highly purified ammonium paratungstate. The process is adaptable to continuous type operation.
Preparation of Ammonium Paratungstate US 3077379 A Ammonium paratungstate is a very desirable form of tun sten for many industrial applications. Much effort has been expended by industry in order to arrive at economical methods of producin this product. Tungsten is derived primarily ll'QIl'l scheelite ore which is substantially calcium tungstate. This is normally treated by dissolution under pressure in a sodium carbonate solution. In this manner an aqueous solution of sodium tungstate is formed which may be used as a starting point for the preparation of ammonium paratungstate.
Electrolytic Method for Producing Ammonium Paratungstate from Cemented Tungsten Carbide US 5021133 A A method is disclosed for producing ammonium paratungstate from cemented tungsten carbide which comprises subjecting the cemented tungsten carbide to electrolysis by passing about 0.5 to about 20 volts through an ammoniacal solution selected from the group consisting of ammonium hydroxide-ammonium chloride solution, ammonium hydroxide-ammonium carbonate solution, and ammonium hydroxide-ammonium sulfate solution, wherein platinum and the cemented tungsten carbide serve as the anode and wherein the anode is immersed in the solution, to decompose the cemented tungsten carbide and form a solution of ammonium tungstate from which is crystallized ammonium paratungstate.
Process for Reducing the Average Particle Size of Ammonium Paratungstate Powders US 5578285 A A process for reducing the average particle size of an ammonium paratungstate powder having the steps of heating the ammonium paratungstate powder at a temperature of between about 110° C. to about 205° C. for a time sufficient to reduce the average particle size of the ammonium paratungstate powder by at least 20 percent.